Prevalence of Hypertension among Patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus
Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Endocrinology,
Background: In today’s world diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) are considered to be the first and second leading causes of all deaths and morbidities. Increasing age, trend of obesity and worsening renal function intensifies the prevalence of hypertension in people with diabetes.
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension among patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Endocrinology of Monowara Sikder Medical College, Shariatpur and Dhaka National Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2020 to December 2020. Total 138 diabetic patients with proper documents were selected as the study population. Besides data regarding T2DM, data about blood pressure as well as hypertension complications were also collected. A predesigned questionnaire was used to obtain patient data. All data were processed and analyzed by MS Office and SPSS version 20.0.
Results: We observed that, out of 138 diabetic patients about 31% were suffering from hypertension. Among them 42.03% patients were pre-hypertensive, 21.01% had stage I HTN and 10.14% had stage II HTN. Besides these, 10.14% participants were with diabetes for 1-5 years, 9.42% for 6-10 years, 6.52% for 11-15 years and 5.07% for more than 15 years.
Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension among diabetic patients of Bangladesh is pretty alarming. A variety of anthropometrical, physical & personal factors are contributory towards making diabetic patients a potentially vulnerable group for developing hypertension.
- diabetes mellitus
- health issues
How to Cite
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