Perceived Risk of Diabetes (PRD) and Self-reported Diabetes (SRD) Risk Factors among University of Guyana Students

Main Article Content

Cecil Boston
Rajini Kurup


Aims: The purpose of this research was to assess Perceived Risk of Diabetes (PRD) and Self-reported Diabetes Risk Factors (SRDRF) among University of Guyana Students.

Study Design: Cross-sectional descriptive research.

Place and Duration of Study: University of Guyana, February-April 2019.

Methodology: The study had a total of 300 participants with 48.7% females and 51.3% males. Random blood sugar (RBS) was done to categorize participants in prediabetes and diabetic groups. Written informed consent was obtained from each participant and approval from the Institutional Review Board – Ministry of Public Health (Guyana).

Results and Discussion: Majority of participants were significantly of African descent 39.7% (n=119, P<0.001), followed by mixed ancestry 34.7% (n=104) and East Indian descent 22.0% (n=66). The study found 32% participants in no risk category among the entire participants, 31% no risk among the pre-diabetic population and 35% no risk among the diabetic population, moreover, a large majority of the participants are not worried for developing diabetes. The fact that a relatively high percentage of the sample has a low perception of the risk for developing diabetes must be of concern because the prevalence of this condition in the Guyanese population is estimated 9.1%.

Conclusion: This study showed that although there is a good level of knowledge that exist within the study population about the diabetes there is still need to improve and with the relatively high no risk perception for developing diabetes among the sample it is cause to worry given the severity of the disease and the preventive measures available.

Diabetes, pre-diabetics, Guyana.

Article Details

How to Cite
Boston, C., & Kurup, R. (2020). Perceived Risk of Diabetes (PRD) and Self-reported Diabetes (SRD) Risk Factors among University of Guyana Students. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Endocrinology, 2(2), 1-7. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


American College Health Association (ACHA). National College Health Assessment: Reference group data report, spring; 2008.
(Retrieved August 23, 2019)

Sarwar N, Gao P, Seshasai S, Gobin R, Kaptoge S, DiAngelantonio E, et al. Diabetes melltius, fasting blood glucose concentration and risk of vascular disease: A collaborative meta analysis of 102 prospective studies. Lancet. 2010; 375(9733):2215-2222.

Wnachai A, Phrompayak D. Use of complementary and alternative medicine among Thai patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2016;14(4):297-305.

Hu F, Manson J, Stampfer M, Colditz G, Liu S, Solomon C, et al. Diet, lifetstyle and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. N Engl J Med. 2001;345(11):790-797.

American Diabetes Association. Clinical practice recommednations. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(Suppl 1):S4-S65.

Grundy S, Cleeman J, Daniels S, Donato K, Eckel R, Franklin B, et al. Diagnosis and managemnt of the metabolic syndrmoe: An American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Scientific Statement. Circulation. 2005;112(17): 2735-2752.

US Department of Health and Human Services. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; 2018.
(Retrieved August 31, 2019)

Tuso P. Prediabetes and lifestyle modifica-tion: Time to prevent a preventable disease. Perm J. 2014;18(3): 88-93.

American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Genetics of diabetes.
(Retrieved January 14, 2020)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). National diabetes fact sheet; 2007.
(Retrieved January 14, 2020)

Al-Mahrooqi B, Al-Hadhrami R, Al-Amri A, et al. Self-reported knowledge of diabetes among high school students in Al-Amerat and Quriyat, Muscat Governate, Oman. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2013;13(3): 392-398.

Unwin N, Shaw J, Zimmet P, Alberti KGMM. Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glycaemia: The current status on definition and intervention. Diabet Med. 2002;19:708–723.

World Health Organization (WHO). Obesity: Preventing and managing the global epidemic. Geneva: World Health Organization; WHO Technical Report Series, No. 894; 2000.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistics Report [Internet]; 2015.
(Accessed 22 September 2015)

Rhee JY, Bahtila TD, Palmer D, et al. Prediabetes and diabetes among HIV-infected adults in Cameroon. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2016;32:544–549.

Gebreyesus HA. Prevalence of prediabetes in HIV-1 infected adults receiving antiretroviral therapy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Int J Pharm Sci Res. 2015;6:440–443.

Al Wadaani F. The knowledge attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabeteic retinopathy among the final year medical students of King Faisal University Medical College of Al Hasa region of Saudi Arabia: A cross sectional survey. NIger J Clin Pract. 2013;16(2):164-168.

Sagar A. Practocal diabetes knowledge of final year medical students in Tripoli, Libya. Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. 2011;3(1):36-41.

Pelullo CP, Rossiello R, Nappi R, Napolitano F, Di Giuseppe G. Diabetes prevention: Knowledge and perception of risk among Italian population. BioMed Research International; 2019.